- 1 stale loaf of bread
- 2 cloves garlic, minced
- 2-3 tablespoons olive oil
- Stems from 1-2 bunches of herbs (parsley, cilantro or basil)
- 1 1/2-2 cups olive oil
- 1 jar store-bought tomato sauce
- 1 Parmesan rind
Candied Citrus Peels
- About 4 oranges, lemons or grapefruit
- 1 1/2 cups granulated sugar, divided
- Carrot peels
- Onion skins
- Tops of garlic
- Fennel fronds
- Bottom and tips of celery stalks
- 1/2 gallon whole milk
- 1/3 cup lemon juice or white vinegar
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1 3/4 cups cookie crumbs
- 6 tablespoons salted butter, melted
- Assorted vegetables for pickling (cauliflower florets, zucchini slices, etc.)
- Leftover juice from a jar of pickles
- Pearl onions, peeled
- 1 small bunch carrot greens
- Greens of 1 beet
- 1/2 cup packed basil
- 1/4 cup finely grated Parmesan
- 1 clove garlic
- 3 tablespoons pine nuts
- Zest of 1 lemon
- Sea salt and pepper, to taste
- Olive oil
- Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Slice remainder of stale loaf into 1-inch cubes. Place on a parchment-lined baking sheet and toss with garlic and olive oil.
- Bake about 15 minutes until golden, tossing about halfway through the cooking process. Let cool.
- Store in an airtight container.
- Place the herb stalks and oil in a high-speed blender and blend until fully incorporated. Let stand 15 to 30 minutes to infuse, then strain through a double layer of cheesecloth into a bottle.
- Store, covered, in fridge for up to 1 week.
- Add oil to soups, use for sautés or vinaigrettes.
- Simmer tomato sauce and Parmesan rind together for about 20 minutes. Discard rind to serve sauce. The rind will impart a cheesy, nutty flavor.
Candied Citrus Peels
- Using a vegetable peeler, peel the skins of the citrus into strips. Bring a small pot of water to a boil and blanch strips for 10 seconds. For a less bitter candy, rinse, then repeat the process one more time.
- Bring 1 cup of sugar and 1 cup of water to a boil along with the blanched skins. Simmer on low for 30 minutes, until the skins are soft and the syrup is thick and reduced.
- Toss candied strips in 1/2 cup of sugar to coat all sides.
- Let dry on a wire rack.
- Place vegetable scraps in a large heavy-bottomed pot and cover with water. Bring to a boil, cover, lower heat, and simmer on low for 45 minutes. Strain and discard vegetables.
- Extra stock can be frozen in ice cube trays for future use.
- Place milk in a medium pot over medium heat. Gradually bring to 200 degrees, monitoring the temperature with a kitchen thermometer, and stirring occasionally. Remove from heat and stir in lemon juice and salt.
- Let sit 10 minutes, then strain the mixture through a cheesecloth-lined strainer set over a large bowl.
- Let drain 10 to 30 minutes, until the cheese reaches your desired texture, squeezing out the excess liquid if necessary.
- Store up to 1 week in the fridge.
- Stir together cookie crumbs and butter in a large bowl until all the crumbs are moistened. Press into the bottom and sides of a tart pan or pie dish. Freeze before filling or, for a crispier crust, bake for 7 minutes at 350 degrees F.
- Heat pickle juice in a small pot set over medium heat until boiling. Place vegetables and onions in the cleaned jar and pour juice over. Let cool, then seal the jar with lid and store in the fridge overnight. Pickles will keep up to 1 week in the ridge.
- Place carrot and beet greens, basil, Parmesan, garlic, pine nuts, lemon zest, salt and pepper in the bowl of a food processor fitted with the blade attachment. Pulse until combined and greens are finely chopped.
- With the food processor running, slowly drizzle in the olive oil until the desired consistency is reached.
- Store covered in fridge for up to 5 days.